Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarns

Please Note:
I am not accepting orders for Rya Rugs backing at this time as I am not able to order the backings from Finland (due to Brexit problems)
I can however custom dye the yarns for rya rugs using natural plant dyes.

Here are a few other sources for ordering Rya rug backings and supplies.

Iltamaa
Jenni Vanhanen in Finland offers wonderful Finnish style rya rug backings and yarns.

Byrdcall Studio
Melinda Byrd sells Norwegian style rya rug backing, kits and supplies.

For those who would like to make their own traditional style rya (ryijy) rug, I hand dye rya yarns using natural plant dyes. The world of plant dyes offers much variety and gentle colour to yarns. Each batch is uniquely dyed as the colour and shading varies depending on the soil and growing conditions of the plants, the acidity of the dye water and the length of time in the dyeVAt. This variety of colour gives a plant dyed rya rug a rich depth of shading.

These Rya Yarns have been designed to work best with the Finnish style of backing that I sell.
Traditionally, the rya pile on a Finnish rug is quite short in length.
The pile is packed quite firmly (3-4 threads per knot). This allows the pile to stand up quite straight, creating small points of colour in the finished piece, allowing for greater detail in the patterning.

Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn
The rya yarns that I currently sell are all hand dyed with natural plant dyes. I dye the yarns in small skeins of 20 grams per skein. Each skein is approx. 45 meters in length.

Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn
Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn

Price per 20 gram Skein: £7.50
Skein Length: 45 meters

Below are tables that gives an estimate of how much yarn you will need depending on the size of rya rug and length of the rya pile.

Short Rya Pile – 1.5 cm
Using a 1.5 cm Rya ruler, a 1 meter length of yarn will tie approx. 12 – 15 knots.
Use 3 yarn threads per knot.

Rya Rug Size
Knots / Row
# RowsKnots / Meter
Yarn / per KnotTotal MetersTotal Skeins
 
35x100cm52100123130030

45x100cm68100123170040
54x100cm80100123200045
80x100cm120100123300070


100x100cm150100123375085
120x100cm1801001234500100
130x100cm1951001234875110

Short Rya Pile – 1.5 cm
Using a 1.5 cm Rya ruler, a 1 meter length of yarn will tie approx. 12 – 15 knots.
Use 4 yarn threads per knot.

Rya Rug Size
Knots / Row
# RowsKnots / Meter
Yarn / per KnotTotal MetersTotal Skeins
 
35x100cm52100124173340

45x100cm68100124226750
54x100cm80100124266760
80x100cm120100124400090


100x100cm1501001245000130
120x100cm1801001246000135
130x100cm1951001246500145

Long Rya Pile – 2.5 cm
When designing a longer length of rya pile, the rya looks best when the pile lies more flatly, overlapping the previous row of knots.
For this type of rya rug, I recommend using 2-3 threads per knot.
Using a 2.5 cm Rya Ruler, a 1 meter length of yarn will tie approx. 10-12 knots.

Rya Rug Size
Knots / Row
# RowsKnots / Meter
Yarn / KnotTotal MetersTotal Skeins
 
35x100cm52100103156035
45x100cm68100103204045
54x100cm80100103240055
80x100cm120100103360080
100x100cm1501001034500100
120x10cm1801001035400120
130x100cm1951001035850130

Naturally Plant Dyed Wool Yarns

I use high quality worsted spun wool for my hand dyed rya rug yarns. The yarns are tightly spun and quite soft to the touch. The yarn is British Blue Faced Leicester wool that has a natural sheen to the yarn. Rya rugs are not designed to be used as a floor rug but are meant to be hung on a wall as a tapestry and family heirloom. Please treat your hand made ryijy with care, so that you can pass it on to future generations. Plant dyes are more sensitive to gentle fading. Please hang your rya rug in a place that is not in direct sunlight, to help preserve the brightness of the colours. Naturally plant dyed wools are not bright in colour but are gentle and soft in shading. Much like the tapestries that can be found in museums.

All of the Rya Wool Yarns are sold by custom order only. Please allow 4-6 weeks for completion of a custom order.
I can accept international orders, however these will be processed through my Etsy shop so that appropriate taxes and duties will be charged.
Please contact me for more information.

Rya Rug Backing

For those who don’t weave but like the plushness of a rya rug I now am able to supply the backing so you can make your own rya.
The backing is woven using a pure linen warp and wool weft.

Unfortunately, since I had surgery recently that caused damage to my arm, I am no longer able to weave large pieces on my floor looms.

I am very pleased to say that I have been able to source lovely rya backing fabrics that have been handwoven in Finland.
The warp is 100% linen yarn.
The weft is pure Finnish wool.

The rya backing can be ordered in a variety of widths.
Prices shown are per Meter length.

Update May 2021:
As I live in the UK – Due to Brexit – I am unable to order supplies from Finland anymore. Please contact Jenni Vanhanen in Finland who will be happy to supply you with the Finnish style of rya rug backings.

Iltamaa
Jenni Vanhanen in Finland offers wonderful Finnish style rya rug backings and yarns.

Byrdcall Studio
Melinda Byrd sells Norwegian style rya rug kits and supplies.

The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
Rya Rug Backing Fabric

Backing Width CMBacking Width InchesKnots per RowRows Per Meter  
35 cm14 inches52 knots100 rows
45 cm18 inches68 knots100 rows
54 cm21 inches80 knots100 rows
80 cm32 inches120 knots100 rows
100 cm40 inches150 knots100 rows
120 cm48 inches180 knots100 rows
130 cm52 inches195 knots100 rows

Finnish Rya Rug Backing
Finnish Rya Rug Backing

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The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
For this design of rya backing fabric, you can choose to tie the rya knots on every warp grouping or you can space the knots out by skipping one warp group in between each knot.
For example, if you are using a thicker weight yarn such as a Sport or DK weight, it is best to leave a warp thread untied between each rya knot.
If you are using finer weight yarn such as a 4Ply or Sock yarn, tie the knots around every 2 warp threads.
In Finland, many variations in the spacing of rya knots were used, depending on the weight of the cloth, the thickness of yarn or the desired effect of the finished pile.
There is no one right way to tie rya knots.

Sirelius - Rya Knots
Sirelius – Rya Knots

Source: U.T. Sirelius – The Ryijy Rugs of Finland

All rya products are Custom orders and require a 50% non-refundable deposit.
This covers my cost of the yarns – should you change your mind and not want the product.

Plant Dyed Rya Yarns
I also now have available plant dyed rya wool yarns that are suitable for use with this rya backing. Please visit Plant Dyed Rya Rug yarns for more information.

Rya Rug Instructions
Here are some instructions on how to sew rya knots onto a pre-woven rya backing fabric.

All of my hand dyed and hand spun yarns are now sold through my Etsy and EBay shops.

Paivatar Yarn on Etsy
Paivatar Yarn on EBay